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May 1922


Arch Surg. 1922;4(3):693-748. doi:10.1001/archsurg.1922.01110120210010

CONGENITAL CONDITIONS  Congenital Torticollis.—Feil1 calls attention to the occasional fusion of the atlas with the occiput as both a primary cause of, and a contributing factor in, cases of congenital torticollis. In certain of his cases this fusion was present from birth, and in others it did not become apparent until about the age of 20. In two of his cases it was associated with the ordinary shortened sternomastoid and accounted for the slight deviation of the head which persisted after full operative correction of the muscular contraction had been accomplished.Feil,2 also, in another article, discusses the anatomy and clinical picture of six different types of malformation of the cervical vertebrae, which he illustrates by concrete examples.Cervical Ribs.—A. S. Taylor3 believes that the incidence of cervical ribs is about one in 300 persons and that the condition is usually bilateral. They vary in