Varicose veins, phlebectasia and venous varices are more or less synonymous terms. The term varicose vein generally refers to the diseased vein as a whole; while phlebectasia more properly refers only to the dilated veins and not to the pouched and sacculated areas. The large irregular pouches are generally designated venous varices. Because of the relative frequency of the condition in the long saphenous vein and its branches, the term varicose veins has come to be associated almost exclusively with the condition as it is found in the lower extremities. While varicosis is often seen in these parts, it is by no means the only part of the body in which it occurs. The condition is seen quite as frequently, if not more so, in the spermatic cord, where it is referred to as varicocele and is due to dilatation of the veins of the spermatic cord. Likewise, the hemorrhoidal
NICHOLSON BB. HISTOPATHOLOGY AND ETIOLOGY OF VARICOSE VEINS. Arch Surg. 1923;7(1):47–63. doi:10.1001/archsurg.1923.01120010050003
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