Surgical intervention with the cervical sympathetic nervous system is a much older procedure than is generally recognized. Prior to 1896 Thomas Jonnesco had performed an operation on the cervical sympathetics in forty-three cases of epilepsy and eight cases of exophthalmic goiter.1 He gave very incomplete results, but in 1906 he again compiled and published a total of 159 cases in an article read before the German Surgical Congress,2 many of which had been carefully studied and conscientiously followed. In this paper he reported twelve of 117 cases of idiopathic epilepsy absolutely cured, twenty-five cases of exophthalmic goiter completely recovered and two cases of tic douloureux, one of which was relieved for four years and the other for six months. The report of the two cases of tic was probably stimulated by Jaboulay's suggestion as early as 1899, when he also first suggested the procedure in exophthalmic goiter.
MOSSER WB. CERVICAL SYMPATHECTOMY: A REVIEW OF THE LITERATURE. Arch Surg. 1926;13(5):677–688. doi:10.1001/archsurg.1926.01130110078007
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