Eventration of the diaphragm is a rare anomaly of obscure origin characterized by the permanent high position of one leaflet of the diaphragm and the displacement into the thorax of the abdominal viscera on the affected side.
Bamberger1 in 1913 compiled thirty-one cases. Bayne-Jones2 gathered forty-four from the literature and added one of his own. Korns3 critically reviewed the reported cases and regarded twenty-two as proved and forty-three as probable, giving a total of sixty-five certain or probable cases to 1921. A number of cases have since been reported. Four have come under observation at the Massachusetts General Hospital in the course of 16,504 roentgen-ray examinations of the chest.
IMPORTANCE OF EVENTRATION
The number of patients with eventration of the diaphragm likely to come under the observation of any one person is small. Recognition of the existence of such a group of cases is important, however, to
LORD FT. EVENTRATION OF THE DIAPHRAGM: DIAGNOSIS AND TREATMENT, WITH A REPORT OF FOUR CASES. Arch Surg. 1927;14(1):316–331. doi:10.1001/archsurg.1927.01130130320019
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