The first case report found in the literature according to McClellan and Elterich,1 was cited by Thomas2 and dated in 1696. Plass3 reviewed the literature in 1917, and found 204 cases up to that year Reynolds and Morrison4 placed the total number of cases at 214 in 1921. In 1922, Steffen5 and Willard6 each reported another example of the anomaly. McClellan and Elterich1 added another case in 1923. A diligent search of the literature reveals only one case since that time—a recent case reported by Flood.7 This case, therefore, appears to be the 218th case on record. Reynolds and Morrison4 state that only one such anomaly has appeared in sixteen years at the Bellevue Hospital. Stukowsky and Boran8 found only one case in a hospital experience covering 50,000 cases. It has been pointed out recently by Brenneman that the
HOLDERMAN HH. CONGENITAL ATRESIA OF THE ESOPHAGUS: WITH ESOPHAGEAL DIVERTICULUM AND TRACHEOESOPHAGEAL FISTULA. Arch Surg. 1927;14(4):917–920. doi:10.1001/archsurg.1927.01130160126006
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