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On looking back over the last thirty years, one sees that it was principally Fell of Buffalo, Matas and Parham of New Orleans, Green and Janeway of New York, Quénu and Tuffier of Paris, and Garré, Küttner, Friedrich and Sauerbruch of Germany, the latter then assistant at von Miculicz's surgical clinic in Breslau, who in their combined though independent pioneer work laid the foundation for the structure soon to be erected, and gave the principal impetus to the evolution of thoracic surgery in its present modern garb.
True enough, even before that, the chest had frequently been incised with impunity without the help of apparatus designed for the avoidance of the acute pneumothorax. The surgeon had simply taken a chance, because methods for the definite exclusion of such an occurrence, with its possible fatal result, were not known at that time. The opening, with perfect safety and pursuant to a
MEYER W. THORACIC SURGERY IN AMERICA: A RETROSPECT AND AN OUTLOOK. Arch Surg. 1928;16(1):360–365. doi:10.1001/archsurg.1928.01140010364023
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