There is no vital structure in the body that is so frequently the seat of disease as the lung; still the practical importance of the innervation of this organ is not generally appreciated. The complexity and often the contradictory evidence regarding this innervation have prevented the real facts from being disseminated even in medical schools. Recent evidence, however, emphasizes the important rôle which the nerves that lead to the lung may play in clinical disorders. Binger and his associates1 have shown that the tachypnea which accompanies acute pulmonary disease in the absence of anoxemia is of nervous origin. The cause of sudden death in cases of pulmonary embolism and following thoracentesis, as well as the cause of bronchial asthma and allied conditions, may also be nervous in origin. It has also been suggested that postoperative massive atelectasis (collapse) of the lungs may, in part, be due to a disturbed
FONTAINE R, HERRMANN LG. EXPERIMENTAL STUDIES ON DENERVATED LUNGS. Arch Surg. 1928;16(6):1153–1175. doi:10.1001/archsurg.1928.01140060028002
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