In 1924, I published some observations on peristalsis of the intact human ureter obtained by means of a graphic method. Since that time additional physiologic data have been gathered and records taken in a number of pathologic cases.
The object of this work is to throw greatly needed light on the hitherto meager knowledge of the behavior of the human ureter, and to give to the urologist a method that admits of easy application in the clinic, so that it is possible to recognize disturbances of ureteral function.
In a review of the literature it was found that studies devoted to the physiology and physiologic pathology of the human renal pelvis and ureter are comparatively few. More numerous, however, are the investigations which have been conducted on animal ureters, intact and excised.
METHODS OF STUDY
The methods of study of ureteral activity may be classified as follows: (1) ocular observations—direct
TRATTNER HR. URETERAL ACTIVITY IN SOME PATHOLOGIC CONDITIONS: STUDIED BY THE GRAPHIC MANOMETRIC METHOD. Arch Surg. 1928;17(6):968–995. doi:10.1001/archsurg.1928.01140120072003
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