—Bargellini1 presented reports of three cases of congenital torticollis in which operation was performed when the patients were 35 days, 1½ months and 4 months of age, respectively. Two of the infants were delivered by podalic version and the third by an anomalous presentation, not specified. Abnormal inclination of the head and a tumor in the sternal head of the sternocleidomastoid muscle were noted by the mothers. At the time of operation definite facial asymmetry was seen by the author. A globular dusky mass was removed from the sternal head of the muscle, and both the sternal and clavicular attachments were severed; likewise the platysma and the deep cervical fascia. No anesthesia was used. Microscopic sections of specimens showed similar changes: intramuscular fibrosis, atypical growth in size and direction of muscular fasciculi and no evidence of hemorrhage. Postoperative therapy consisted of the weekly reapplication of
KUHNS JG, CAVE EF, ROBERTS SM, et al. FORTY-EIGHTH REPORT OF PROGRESS IN ORTHOPEDIC SURGERY. Arch Surg. 1932;25(3):605–614. doi:10.1001/archsurg.1932.01160210174013
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