In recent years the more critical study of disease of the thorax and the extensive development of radical surgical treatment in suitable cases of pulmonary tuberculosis, bronchiectasis and similar conditions have directed attention but insufficient interest to the influence of thoracic disease and thoracic operations on the spinal column. This group of cases also provides an unusual opportunity for an investigation of the mechanics of the thoracic spine. To determine the mechanical factors involved in the production, frequency, clinical significance and prevention of thoracogenic curvatures, 518 patients with various forms of thoracic disease and 336 patients operated on for thoracic disease were studied; the results of the investigation form the basis of this report.
It should be emphasized at the outset that these curvatures only occasionally become so extensive that they give rise to symptoms or a deformity of clinical significance, and that the terms "curvature" and "scoliosis" as used
BISGARD JD. THORACOGENIC SCOLIOSIS: INFLUENCE OF THORACIC DISEASE AND THORACIC OPERATIONS ON THE SPINE. Arch Surg. 1934;29(3):417–445. doi:10.1001/archsurg.1934.01180030082006
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