Congenital anomalies of the gallbladder are rare, but it is desirable for the roentgenologist and surgeon to be familiar with the malformations of this organ which they so commonly examine and operate on. Malformations of the bile ducts and their associated blood vessels have been admirably emphasized by Eisendrath, Haberland, Holmes, Howard and Wolbach, Kehr, Ladd, Mentzer and others, but such treatises have not included any comprehensive study of the gallbladder. It is my purpose in this presentation to collect from the literature the isolated reports relevant to the subject of anomalies of the gallbladder and to present this material in a unified manner. The review has been extensive but not exhaustive, for many articles have appeared in periodicals that were not available, and other examples have doubtless been overlooked. Numerous cases of the types under discussion were recorded before 1900, and while many of these were well described, only
GROSS RE. CONGENITAL ANOMALIES OF THE GALLBLADDERA REVIEW OF ONE. HUNDRED AND FORTY-EIGHT CASES, WITH REPORT OF A DOUBLE GALLBLADDER. Arch Surg. 1936;32(1):131–162. doi:10.1001/archsurg.1936.01180190134008
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