New Treatment for Congenital Dislocation of the Hip.
—Bauer1 believes that congenital dislocation of the hip is due to an abnormal fixation of the fetus in utero. He substantiates this hypothesis by the finding of an asymmetry of the head associated with unilateral dislocations. As there has been a retardation in the development of the acetabulum and the head of the femur owing to the adduction of the legs in utero, the treatment consists of correcting and maintaining the legs in abduction in such a way that motion is still possible. A retentive apparatus is employed which is made of tape or ribbon in the following manner: (1) a pair of shoulder straps or suspenders is fastened to a circular band about the lower part of the chest and (2) ribbons are buttoned to the band; they extend posteriorly and are looped over the upper end of
JOHN G. KUHNS, EDWIN F. CAVE, SUMNER M. ROBERTS, JOSEPH S. BARR, ROBERT J. JOPLIN, JOSEPH A. FREIBERG, JOSEPH E. MILGRAM, ROBERT I. STIRLING. FIFTY-NINTH REPORT OF PROGRESS IN ORTHOPEDIC SURGERY. Arch Surg. 1936;32(2):355–372. doi:10.1001/archsurg.1936.01180200177010