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January 1939


Author Affiliations

From the service of Dr. George P. Müller at the Lankenau Hospital.

Arch Surg. 1939;38(1):113-117. doi:10.1001/archsurg.1939.01200070116008

Plastic operation on the breast is a recent addition to plastic surgery. This new field owes some of its demand to the importance that women of today attribute to a properly proportioned form. Vogues and sports have given rise to comparisons which make a woman conscious of having a normal or an abnormal form. Therefore, hypertrophic and pendulous breasts, which in moderate degrees are fairly common, may constitute a psychic handicap. For a small group of women with enormously heavy breasts, there is added to the psychic handicap a physical one, and the two may constitute a tragedy of life, since they frequently occur in young women with otherwise slim figures. When it is possible safely and satisfactorily to correct a deformity of the breasts and thus to restore the happiness of a patient, plastic reconstruction of the breast is a justifiable operation.

Surgeons distinguish an atrophic pendulous breast from