In a consideration of the more common complications which occur after abdominal operations it is evident that none is more serious than peritonitis and none more deserving of careful study from the standpoint of both prevention and cure. While the incidence of postoperative peritonitis has gradually and steadily declined during the past several decades, the possibility of its occurrence remains one of the chief hazards of operations on the lower part of the intestinal tract, and this is particularly true when resections or anastomoses which involve the large bowel are performed. The general decrease in the occurrence of postoperative peritonitis has been the result of (1) improvements and standardization in operative technic; (2) perfection in anesthesia, and (3) a greater realization of the importance of a proper period of meticulous preoperative care. During this period (seven to ten days or more) the fluid and electrolyte balances are restored and nutritional
COLLER FA, RANSOM HK, RIFE CS. REACTIONS OF THE PERITONEUM TO TRAUMA AND INFECTION: FURTHER EXPERIMENTAL STUDIES. Arch Surg. 1939;39(5):761–769. doi:10.1001/archsurg.1939.01200170072006
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