Numerous attempts have been made to produce bacterial peritonitis in animals. In some experiments attempts were made to enhance the pathogenic effect of bacteria by preliminary treatment of the peritoneum of laboratory animals with a great variety of substances: turpentine (David1), agar (David and Loring2), croton oil (Pawlowsky3), potato (Halsted4), omental ligation (Halsted4), sarcolin (Solieri5), intestinal juices (Blalock6) and tragacanth (Benians;7 Steinberg8). In other experiments different inoculums were tried: feces (Herrmann9), fecal emulsions (Wilen and Dragstedt10) and contents of small intestines (Pawlowsky3). The intestinal tract has been employed as the source of peritoneal infection by ligation of the appendix (Costain;11 Lehman12), division of the appendix (Blalock13), ligation of the mesoappendix (Blalock13), perforation or incision of the gastrointestinal tract at different levels (Bergh14) or drainage of an open loop of ileum into the peritoneal
SELEY GP. PERITONITIS IN CATS PRODUCED BY INTRAPERITONEAL INJECTION OF BACILLUS COLI SUSPENDED IN MUCIN. Arch Surg. 1939;39(5):783–791. doi:10.1001/archsurg.1939.01200170094008
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