When Venable, Stuck and Beach1 introduced vitallium for use in orthopedic surgical procedures, this nonelectrolytic alloy was immediately employed in many forms. One of these was a cup to be used in arthroplasty of the hip joint.2 In January 1939, Smith-Petersen3 reported the results of fifteen years of experimenting with mold arthroplasties and gave a preliminary report on the use of the vitallium cup as an interposing substance in arthroplasty of the hip. In his report he outlined the details of his approach to the hip joint and emphasized the importance of meticulous operation and the necessity for anatomic restoration of the hip joint. Since June 1939, twenty vitallium cup arthroplasties have been performed on 17 patients at Duke Hospital. Eighteen of these operations, with a follow-up period of from eight months to two years, are included in this preliminary report. One patient has not returned for
BAKER LD, WATERS CH. VITALLIUM CUP ARTHROPLASTY OF THE HIP. Arch Surg. 1942;44(3):531–542. doi:10.1001/archsurg.1942.01210210135009
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