Only about one eighth of the average number of articles on congenital deformities have appeared during the past year.
Of the work that has been reported, I place that of Warkany and his associates first.1 They state that it is desirable to prevent rather than to treat congenital defects. This desire has kept alive among physicians a definite interest in research concerned with the causes of malformations. Apparently a great variety of factors can interfere with the normal development of the embryo. During the last few decades the discovery of genetic factors which produce malformations has attracted a great deal of attention, while research in the field of environmental teratogenic factors, in mammals at least, has lagged. However, some important discoveries made in recent years promise to renew interest in the environmental factors. It is of special interest that in several instances a relationship has been found between a
KITE JH. PROGRESS IN ORTHOPEDIC SURGERY FOR 1943 A REVIEW PREPARED BY AN EDITORIAL BOARD OF THE AMERICAN ACADEMY OF ORTHOPAEDIC SURGEONS: I. CONGENITAL DEFORMITIES. Arch Surg. 1944;49(2):126–128. doi:10.1001/archsurg.1944.01230020131007
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