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Article
November 1945

PROGRESS IN ORTHOPEDIC SURGERY FOR 1944 A REVIEW PREPARED BY AN EDITORIAL BOARD OF THE AMERICAN ACADEMY OF ORTHOPAEDIC SURGEONS: IX. INFANTILE PARALYSIS

Arch Surg. 1945;51(4):295-305. doi:10.1001/archsurg.1945.01230040304012
Abstract

Etiology.  —Zahorsky's231 chief purpose is to recall the experiments made by Dr. E. W. Saunders, who thirty years ago proposed his revolutionary hypothesis on the causation of acute anterior poliomyelitis. This hypothesis, as Dr. Saunders stated, was only a "working hypothesis," to be refuted or corroborated by future clinical observations and laboratory experimentation. Briefly stated, Dr. Saunders' hypothesis was this: Poliomyelitis in its sporadic appearance has an aviary origin through the medium of the green fly (Lucilia caesar) as a host. In other words, poliomyelitis is conveyed by the ova or larvae of the green fly from a fowl or other animal which has died from a specific paralytic disease. Not only chickens but fowls of every species are affected by limberneck. The experiments of Dr. Saunders definitely proved that the larvae of the green fly or other species of blow flies developing on a fowl dead from limberneck

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