CONSIDERABLE experimental and clinical evidence has accumulated to establish the biologically inert character of tantalum as an alloplastic material for the repair of defects of the skull. Pudenz1 demonstrated the tolerance of brain tissue for tantalum clips and later showed the metal to be noncorrosive and nontoxic when used in the skull.2 This has been substantiated by the work of others, notably, Carney,3 Burke4 and Fulcher.5 In the past few years, several extensive reports on the use of this material in large series of cases have been published and the general principles and methods have been established. Woodhall and Spurling6 and Robertson7 have demonstrated its applicability in the repair of defects caused by war wounds, while Echols and Colcough8 and Gardner9 have employed it in the repair of defects such as are seen in civilian practice. In the latter instance, tantalum
TURNER OA. REPAIR OF DEFECTS OF THE SKULL: With Special Reference to the Periorbital Structures and Frontal Sinus. Arch Surg. 1946;53(3):312–326. doi:10.1001/archsurg.1946.01230060319004
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