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Article
August 1947

PROGRESS IN ORTHOPEDIC SURGERY FOR 1945 A Review Prepared by an Editorial Board of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons: XXIII. RESEARCH

Arch Surg. 1947;55(2):225-236. doi:10.1001/archsurg.1947.01230080230013
Abstract

THE REPORTS on orthopedic research and related subjects for 1945 show a preponderance of articles on neuromuscular studies. The outstanding article of the thirty-four reviewed for this section is that of Bowden and Gutmann865 on the denervation and reinnervation of human voluntary muscle. This should be read in full by every orthopedic surgeon. The sixteen articles selected for review in this section divide themselves into the following subjects and will be presented in this order: (1) neuromuscular studies, (2) muscles and blood supply, (3) healing fractures, (4) phosphatase and ossification, (5) bone growth and hormones, (6) plastics in bone surgery, and (7) vitamin D and mineralization of bone.

Neuromuscular Studies.  —Bowden and Gutmann856 have made an excellent study of the innervation, denervation and reinnervation of human muscle in material taken from patients with injuries of peripheral nerves. One hundred and forty biopsies of different muscles from 86 cases

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