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November 1948

ORTHOPEDIC SURGERY IN THE ARMY AIR FORCES DURING WORLD WAR II: I. Introduction and Internal Derangements of the Knee

Author Affiliations

This has been prepared for publication by the Orthopaedic History Committee of the Office of the Air Surgeon (Major James V. Luck, Medical Corps, Chairman. Chanute Field, Ill.; Major Hugh M. A. Smith, Medical Corps, Santa Ana Army Air Base, Calif., and Lieutenant Colonel Henry B. Lacey, Medical Corps, Hamilton Field. Calif.) and the Chief of the Surgical Branch and the Senior Orthopaedic Consultant of the Office of the Air Surgeon, Colonel Alfred R. Shands Jr., Medical Corps, Headquarters, Army Air Forces, Washington, D. C. It is a publication of the Surgical Branch of the Professional Division, Office of the Air Surgeon, Headquarters, Army Air Forces, Washington, D. C.

Arch Surg. 1948;57(5):642-674. doi:10.1001/archsurg.1948.01240020651006

IN MARCH 1942, the Air Surgeon was authorized by the War Department to recruit physicians from civilian practice for the Army Air Forces (A. A. F.) Medical Services. By December 1942, there were approximately ten thousand physicians in the Army Air Forces to staff hospitals and dispensaries and to act as flight surgeons. Of this number there were over two thousand, five hundred qualified medical specialists, with approximately one hundred classified as orthopedic surgeons with a military occupational specialty number (M. O. S. No.) of 3153. In this 3153 group, twenty-seven had been certified by the American Board of Orthopaedic Surgery, about forty had had two years or more of excellent training, each being ably qualified to be chief of an orthopedic section in a station or regional hospital, and the remainder had had from twelve to eighteen months in an orthopedic residency.

In December 1942, the senior orthopedic consultant