ALTHOUGH hostilities had ceased the year before they were written, the majority of the one hundred and eighty articles on this subject could be considered as written from military experience. Over fifty foreign articles cited in the Quarterly Cumulative Index Medicus were unobtainable, and there was little new in the others except what will be listed in the following paragraphs.
—Most of the articles on amputations reported series of cases interesting from one angle or another, and only three had to do with refrigeration anesthesia. Nothing particularly new has been advocated, but the use of ice rather than refrigeration machines seems to be in order, and there is emphasis on the simplicity of the ice equipment.634A paper has been published by Tobias635 discounting severely the value of refrigeration anesthesia and citing the higher mortality accompanying this type as compared with spinal anesthesia produced by cyclopropane. This
WHITE JW. PROGRESS IN ORTHOPEDIC SURGERY FOR 1946 A Review Prepared by an Editorial Board of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons: XIII. AMPUTATIONS, APPARATUS AND TECHNIC. Arch Surg. 1949;58(3):399–410. doi:10.1001/archsurg.1949.01240030405013
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