ACTINOMYCOSIS has been known as a clinical disease in animals since Bollinger,1 of Munich, first described it as lumpy jaw in cattle in 1877. Israel2 reported the disease in human beings in 1878. Some four years later Ponfick3 established the unity of human and bovine infections. Langenbeck,4 Lebert,5 Davaine,6 Robin,7 Revolta,8 and Perroncito9 had all described a syndrome resembling actinomycosis prior to Bollinger but did not definitely identify it as such. It remained for Harz10 and for Wolff and Israel11 to work out the bacteriology. In 1905 Wright12 established the pathogenicity of Actinomyces bovis in this country. However, it was not until 1931 that Naeslund13 described both anaerobic and aerobic actinomyces as being capable of causing the disease. The first clinical case in this country was reported by John B. Murphy.14 The first complete study was
SHELTON GW, GARBER CZ, SMITH AD. ACTINOMYCOSIS OF THE KNEE: Report of a Case. Arch Surg. 1950;60(4):771–778. doi:10.1001/archsurg.1950.01250010792012
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