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July 1950

MECKEL'S DIVERTICULUM: A Survey of One Hundred and Three Cases

Arch Surg. 1950;61(1):158-169. doi:10.1001/archsurg.1950.01250020161017

MECKEL'S diverticulum presents an interesting problem to the surgeon because of the infrequency of its correct preoperative diagnosis as the cause of certain acute abdominal emergencies. During the last two decades surgeons have become increasingly alert to its presence and possible complications. In order to study our own experience with this anomaly we have reviewed 103 cases of proved Meckel's diverticulum observed at the Henry Ford Hospital between the years 1918 and 1948 inclusive.

As early as 1598 Hildamus first described the diverticulum of the small intestine which we now associate with the name of Meckel. Four others, Lavater in 1671, Ruysh in 1707, Littré in 1742 and Morgagni in 1769, described this before Meckel in 1815 discussed the embryologic development, anatomy, histology and pathology of this congenital anomaly.

In the eighth week of gestation, the fetus is approximately 7 mm. in length. The extracelomic gut is withdrawing into the

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