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March 1951

CORROSIVE INJURY OF THE STOMACHReport of a Case Caused by Ingestion of Clorox® and Experimental Study of Injurious Effects

Author Affiliations

From the departments of surgery and biochemistry, Indiana University School of Medicine.

AMA Arch Surg. 1951;62(3):350-357. doi:10.1001/archsurg.1951.01250030356004

CICATRICIAL injuries of the esophagus caused by the ingestion of corrosive substances are common and combined injuries of the stomach and esophagus somewhat less common. Injury of the stomach alone is encountered much less frequently. In a recent review Strode and Dean1 collected 12 cases of pyloric stenosis resulting from the swallowing of corrosive substances in the American literature and a total of 140 cases from the world literature. The cases reported by Vinson and Harrington2 and by Schulenburg3 are examples of cicatricial injury of the stomach without esophageal damage, the former resulting from ingestion of formaldehyde and the latter from ingestion of hydrochloric acid.

Numerous agents have been responsible for injuries of the esophagus and stomach, usually strong acids or alkalis. Acid injuries of the stomach are far commoner than alkali injuries, whereas the reverse is true of the esophagus. We have been unable to find

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