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April 1951

CONGENITAL SHORT ESOPHAGUS: Review of Literature and Eight Original Cases, Including One Autopsy Report

Author Affiliations

From the Department of Surgery, Alexander Blain Hospital, Detroit.

AMA Arch Surg. 1951;62(4):557-564. doi:10.1001/archsurg.1951.01250030565014

ALTHOUGH the short esophagus is no longer considered a rarity, its description in autopsy material is infrequent. In presenting the autopsy findings of a case in 1836, Bright,1 although he did not use the term, described a case of thoracic stomach, with the esophagogastric junction situated at the level of the fourth thoracic vertebra. Kelly2 summarized nine clinical cases in 1931 under the heading "congenital shortening of the esophagus." Since Morison3 added a case found at autopsy in 1930 four additional cases have been presented by Jacob, Tweedie and Negus,4 French5 and Rennie, Land and Scott Park.6 During this period clinical reviews appeared by Clerf and Manges,7 Monkhouse and Montgomery,8 Dunhill,9 Chamberlin,10 Harrington,11 Polley,12 Johnstone,13 Dick and Hurst,14 Smithers,15 Alison,16 Feldman17 and Rennie and others.6

Shortness of the esophagus has long been

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