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December 1953


Author Affiliations

From the Departments of Surgery and Pathology, Conemaugh Valley Memorial Hospital.

AMA Arch Surg. 1953;67(6):931-936. doi:10.1001/archsurg.1953.01260040944016

ALTHOUGH multiple air cysts of the peritoneum (pneumatosis intestinales, pneumatosis cystoides intestinalis) have been frequently described in the literature, a careful search has failed to reveal an account of a large solitary airfilled cyst in this location, although Brown,1 in 1936, reported an air cyst of the abdomen and left thigh, probably formed within the fascia of the psoas muscle. The first case report of multiple gas cysts of the intestine in the human, was described by Bang2 in 1876. Finney,3 in 1908, wrote of his first American occurrence, although the condition was known in domestic hogs since 1825. Numerous others were reported until in 1925, Thoma and Hennigar4 mentioned 57 such cases. In no previous report has a solitary large unilocular cyst resembling that in the case to be described appeared. Potter5 reports two instances of elongated cysts, one 6 cm. in diameter and