Cystic hygroma of the axilla is a rare tumor. Dowd1 in 1913 was able to collect only 35 cases from the world literature. Watson and McCarthy2 reported 14 cases of hygroma, only 1 of which was axillary in position, in a series of 1056 cases of blood-and lymph-vessel tumors seen at the New York Memorial Hospital over a nine-year period. The first case of cystic hygroma was reported in 1828, and the condition has been more widely recognized since Wernher's3 publication in 1843. Since that time, isolated cases have been reported in detail or the lesion has been briefly referred to in papers dealing with the commoner neighbor lesion, cystic hygroma of the neck. Dowd1 indicated the relative frequency of cystic hygroma of the neck to that of the axilla to be 91 to 35 in his collected series. Gross4 in his personal series of
MacKENZIE WC, MACBETH RA. Axillary Cystic Hygroma. AMA Arch Surg. 1956;72(5):824–829. doi:https://doi.org/10.1001/archsurg.1956.01270230088011
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