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August 1956

The Treatment of Burns in Children

AMA Arch Surg. 1956;73(2):207-215. doi:10.1001/archsurg.1956.01280020021005

Burns are second only to motor vehicle accidents as a cause of accidental deaths in children. Dietrich12 states that in the United States accidents were the leading cause of death in children from 1 to 14 years of age in 1948. They were responsible for more deaths than pneumonia, congenital anomalies, cancer, tuberculosis, leukemia, and heart disease combined. It has been estimated that there was an average of 8000 deaths per year from burns in the United States from 1940 to 1949.23 Colebrook9 reported that 30% of the deaths from burns in 1948 in the United States occurred in children, and in England 43.5% of the deaths from burns occurred in children.

The purpose of this report is to review our clinical experience in the management of 85 burned children during the past five years and to outline the procedures which proved to be practical in their