Pseudocysts of the pancreas occur infrequently. In 4329 admissions to the V. A. Hospital, Huntington, W. Va., from Jan. 1, 1952, to June 30, 1954, five patients with cysts have been operated upon. On reviewing the literature it was found that but few surgeons have had large series of cases, and most reports are made on the basis of one or two cases. There has been no uniformity of opinion as to treatment.
Classification of pancreatic cysts is well agreed upon and is based on etiology. They are usually divided into (1) congenital, (2) neoplastic, (3) retention, (4) parasitic, and (5) pseudocysts. Congenital cysts of the pancreas are rare and are usually associated with cysts of other viscera, such as liver and kidney. The term retention cysts should be used to designate cystic dilatations arising secondary to partial or complete occlusion of the pancreatic ducts. The neoplastic cysts are the
ROBERT L. BRADLEY, MICHAEL M. KLEIN. Pseudocysts of the Pancreas. AMA Arch Surg. 1956;73(4):719–728. doi:10.1001/archsurg.1956.01280040175021