The reports of Buxton1 and his colleagues on the interruption of the superficial femoral vein for long-standing deep phlebitis of the lower extremity, and the earlier phlebographic studies of Luke2 and Bauer,3 preceded an era of interest in interruption of the popliteal vein as a method of treatment for the lower limb stasis syndrome. In 1948, Bauer4 presented a technique of popliteal vein ligation which became popular.
Between the years of 1949 and 1953, inclusively, 72 popliteal vein ligations were performed in 63 patients at the University of Minnesota Hospitals. Nine patients had bilateral popliteal vein ligations. This report is a three- to six-year follow-up of these patients.
Twenty-one patients were males, and forty-two were females. These patients had severe and chronic disease, with symptoms from 3 to 36 years prior to this operative intervention. The mean duration of symptoms prior to surgery was 10 years.
MURPHY TO, HAGLIN JJ, EMERSON EC, FELDER DA. Popliteal Vein Ligation in the Treatment of the Lower Limb Stasis SyndromeA Three- to Six-Year Evaluation. AMA Arch Surg. 1957;74(1):105–111. doi:10.1001/archsurg.1957.01280070109013