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Article
June 1957

Replacement of Long and Narrow Arterial Segments: II. Experimental Studies with an Elastic ("Helanca") Seamless Woven Nylon Prosthesis

Author Affiliations

Detroit
From the Department of Surgery, the Henry Ford Hospital, Detroit.

AMA Arch Surg. 1957;74(6):944-953. doi:10.1001/archsurg.1957.01280120122014
Abstract

We have previously reported that seamless woven tubes of nylon or Teflon (a plastic consisting of tetrafluoroethylene polymer), 7-10 mm. in diameter and 18-24 cm. in length, function well as experimental arterial substitutes in anatomical locations where they are not subjected to bending stress.1 When bent, these tubes buckle and show a high incidence of wrinkle thrombosis. Since it appeared that a prosthesis with elastic qualities would overcome this deficiency, our attention was turned to a prosthesis composed partly of an elastic nylon yarn.

Materials and Method 

Characteristics of the Prosthesis.  —The prosthesis used is woven with an ordinary tubular weave as a seamless tube and is made up of two types of nylon yarn. A magnified view of this material is shown in Figure 1. The longitudinal fibers are so-called "Helanca" nylon, and the circular fibers are plain, straight nylon. Table 1 gives the details of the weave,

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