Recent advances in vascular surgery have created an urgent need for accurate and safe diagnostic procedures for the demonstration of lesions of the thoracoabdominal aorta and its main branches. Unfortunately, translumbar aortography has been associated with a considerable number of serious complications and some deaths.2,5,6,13,15,19 In a recent review article by McAfee and Willson19 the incidence of serious complications and death in 13,207 abdominal aortograms, including 12,832 translumbar procedures, was 1.02%. The mortality rate alone was 0.28%. For this reason translumbar aortography is now undertaken only in carefully selected patients, and, indeed, Linton16,17 and others,13 have abandoned the procedure.Other methods of visualization of the thoracoabdominal aorta have been suggested. These include approaches via the left ventricle,11 the aortic arch,19 the carotid,17 subclavian, brachial, and femoral22 arteries. However, all of these approaches demand delicate surgical technique and carry the ever-present risk
BERNSTEIN EF, GREENSPAN RH, LOKEN MK. Intravenous Aortography: Its Clinical Application. AMA Arch Surg. 1960;80(1):71–79. doi:10.1001/archsurg.1960.01290180073009
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