World War II was not the first major conflict in which the Armed Forces utilized the policy of establishing special treatment centers for special conditions. As far back as the Civil War, conclusive evidence was forthcoming that such centers were of enormous value. The epoch-making contributions of Weir Mitchell and his associates to the problem of major causalgia, for instance, were the results of the segregation of casualties with neurologic abnormalities in a military hospital in Philadelphia during the course of the war. The same system of special centers was used in World War I, but it was not until World War II was well under way that this policy was utilized on a truly significant scale by the United States Army Medical Department.The volume on vascular surgery in World War II supplies proof, if proof were needed, that in any future war such centers for the
SHUMACKER HB. Vascular Surgery. AMA Arch Surg. 1960;80(3):379–383. doi:10.1001/archsurg.1960.01290200023004
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