Since Hodge25 reported in 1895 the first case of splenic hemangioma successfully treated by surgical extirpation, only about 50 authentic cases have appeared in the medical literature (Table 1). Notwithstanding the rarity of this pathologic entity, hemangioma of the spleen has so consistently baffled the clinician (over 95% of the reported cases) that an attempt at clarifying its clinical course is warranted. It is the purpose of this communication to analyze the literature on this subject in an effort to formulate a recognizable clinical entity. Not only is it of academic value to diagnose the splenic hemangioma, but its recognition becomes of utmost importance in the face of the serious complications that attend this disease.
Rare as it is, hemangioma is considered the commonest benign tumor to involve the spleen.59,80 Based upon autopsy findings, the incidence of this tumor varied between 0.03% and 14%.34,35,39,62 Splenic hemangioma
HUSNI EA. The Clinical Course of Splenic HemangiomaWith Emphasis on Spontaneous Rupture. Arch Surg. 1961;83(5):681–688. doi:10.1001/archsurg.1961.01300170037008
Customize your JAMA Network experience by selecting one or more topics from the list below.