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April 1963

Vascular Malformations of the Intestine: Their Role as a Source of Hemorrhage

Author Affiliations

From the Departments of Surgery and Pathology, Veterans Administration Hospital, Brooklyn, and the State University of New York, Downstate Medical Center.

Arch Surg. 1963;86(4):571-579. doi:10.1001/archsurg.1963.01310100055009

While benign lesions of the small intestine are rare, those of vascular origin are rarer still. Merchant23 noted that the incidence of benign tumors of the small intestine was 8.7% of all such neoplasms in the gastrointestinal tract, while that of hemangiomata in the same region was 1.09%. Raiford,27 in 1932, reviewed 11,500 autopsies and 45,000 surgical specimens at The Johns Hopkins Hospital. From this source, 50 small bowel tumors were found, only three of which were of vascular origin. Rankin and Newell,28 in 1933, were able to collect only 35 cases of benign intestinal tumors from the records of the Mayo Clinic. Only two of these were vascular in origin. At the Mayo Clinic, in 1949, Gentry et al.11 were able to collect 94 benign tumors of vascular origin from 1,400,-000 case records and 10,000 autopsies. Ackerman1 reviewed 1,200 autopsies performed during a 10-year

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