The initial report of correction of an inadvertent gastroileostomy was made by Martin and Carroll (1915),1 but Judd has been properly credited with the first documented repair.2 Subsequent reports3-43 have related additional cases and described the changes in gastrointestinal physiology associated with a gastroileal anastomosis. Recognition of a gastroileostomy is often delayed because it may cause a variety of symptoms and findings and because it is rare. It is likely that the operative error is permanently overlooked in some patients. The potential value of analyzing reported cases of a gastroileal anastomosis was suggested by the variety of recorded clinical and laboratory findings and the apparent difficulty in the diagnosis of this operative error.
The medical literature was reviewed and all recognized reports of an inadvertent gastroileostomy were noted. Duplications of several reported cases were identified and omitted. A total of 88 documented cases of gastroileostomy were
Bachulis BL, Thomford NR. Gastroileostomy. Arch Surg. 1969;98(6):786–789. doi:10.1001/archsurg.1969.01340120134025
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