Two patients developed esophageal anastomotic leak following correction of esophageal atresia with distal tracheoesophageal fistula. Because of massive gastroesophageal reflux, gastrostomy feedings were impossible. Total parenteral nutrition by central venous catheter permitted normal growth while spontaneous healing occurred, obviating the need for cervical esophagostomy or feeding jejunostomy.
Ashcraft KW, Leape LL, Holder TM. Parenteral Nutrition and Esophageal Anastomotic Leak. Arch Surg. 1970;101(3):436–437. doi:10.1001/archsurg.1970.01340270084023