Thirty-three patients with a bronchial adenoma were operated on at the New York Hospital from 1932 to 1970. The clinical history, results of physical examination, and x-ray presentation were not specific for the diagnosis. Bronchoscopic examination and tumor biopsy were the most useful diagnostic tools. Eighty-eight percent (29) of the patients had a bronchial adenoma of the carcinoid type and 12% (four) were of the cylindroid type. Survival rate was 95% (28) in the carcinoid group at five years, but all four patients in the cylindroid group died from the tumor. Pulmonary resection was found to be the treatment of choice.
O'Grady WP, McDivitt RW, Holman CW, Moore SW. Bronchial Adenomas. Arch Surg. 1970;101(5):558–561. doi:10.1001/archsurg.1970.01340290014004
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