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March 1971

Women in Surgery

Arch Surg. 1971;102(3):234-235. doi:10.1001/archsurg.1971.01350030072024

In sharp contrast to the increase of proportions of women physicians in other countries, the percentage of women in the United States who apply to medical school has changed relatively little in the past 50 years. The shortage of doctors coupled with the underutilization of the resources of women have become a source of concern on a national level.1(pp1-16 and 366-41)

The reason most often advanced for the seeming reluctance of qualified women to undertake careers in medicine is the same one most usually presented to explain the paucity of women in most professions; that is, there is a willingness on the part of women to sacrifice any career aspiration toward the goals of marriage and family. The ease with which ambitions are so often declined in lieu of kitchen and nursery leads to the further conclusion that it is within the biologically determined character of women to prefer

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