Of 102 hips with femoral neck fracture complications, 75 required major secondary procedures such as total hip replacement, femoral prosthesis, cup arthroplasty, tibial bone grafting, and head and neck resection. The method chosen depended on the specific problem: nonunion, aseptic necrosis, infection, degenerative arthritis, or a failed primary prosthesis. Other factors influencing treatment were the patient's chronological and physiological age, his general health, his life pattern, and the familiarity of the surgeon with the technique and the advantages and disadvantages of the various salvage procedures.
Albright JP, Weinstein SL. Treatment for Fixation Complications: Femoral Neck Fractures. Arch Surg. 1975;110(1):30–36. doi:10.1001/archsurg.1975.01360070030006
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