[Skip to Navigation]
August 1975

Spasm and Operative Cholangiography

Author Affiliations

Vallejo, Calif

Arch Surg. 1975;110(8):1049. doi:10.1001/archsurg.1975.01360140193038

This article is only available in the PDF format. Download the PDF to view the article, as well as its associated figures and tables.


To the Editor.—The article by Chessick et al, "Spasm and Operative Cholangiography" (Arch Surg 110:53, 1975) did not compare the incidence of spasm of the sphincter of Oddi occurring in the presence of fentanyl with that occurring under other narcotics.

Halogenated anesthetics are thought to be contraindicated by some in biliary surgery. Flammable anesthetics are no longer commonly used. Conduction anesthesia is seldom used alone in surgery in the upper part of the abdomen. This leaves only the nitrous oxide, narcotic, muscle relaxant combination, which is one of the safest anesthetic techniques known.

To single out fentanyl as the offending agent seems unfounded in light of so many other factors, such as instrumentation, irritating dyes, surgical trauma, and Bakes dilators.

The article repeatedly states, "At operation... agents used, included fentanyl." This is similar to the conclusion of an investigator who found a correlation between low protein intake and high

First Page Preview View Large
First page PDF preview
First page PDF preview