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November 1975

Patient Selection for Cardiac Surgery in Left Ventricular Power Failure

Author Affiliations

From the departments of radiology (Dr Cascade), medicine (Drs Wajszczuk and Rubenfire), and cardiovascular/thoracic surgery (Drs Pursel and Kantrowitz), Sinai Hospital of Detroit.

Arch Surg. 1975;110(11):1363-1367. doi:10.1001/archsurg.1975.01360170103015

• Nineteen patients in acute left ventricular power failure following acute myocardial infarction were given support with intraaortic balloon pumping and underwent cardiac catheterization. Hemodynamic response to disastolic augmentation, results of left ventriculography, and observations of selective coronary arteriography were evaluated to determine which patients could survive without operation, which would require operation to survive, and which could be predicted not to survive operation. Of ten patients who underwent operation, three were long-term survivors. Two patients predicted to have a good prognosis without surgery did survive. Of three patients who had been determined to require operation but did not undergo it, two died in the hospital and one a month later. The four patients whose conditions were considered inoperable died in the hospital. The results indicate that current methods of predicting the need for corrective surgery are relatively accurate and that the rate of survival in surgically treated patients may be increased.

(Arch Surg 110:1363-1367, 1975)

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