• Direct injection into the gallbladder can be accomplished with the guidance of the ultrasonic aspiration transducer. Possible bile peritonitis is a limiting factor, but not necessarily a complication that contraindicates the procedure. Some modifications of the procedure may be necessary, and further investigation into this potentially valuable procedure is indicated.
(Arch Surg 111:564-565, 1976)
Hogan MT, Watne A, Mossburg W, Castaneda W. Direct Injection Into the Gallbladder in Dogs, Using Ultrasonic Guidance. Arch Surg. 1976;111(5):564–565. doi:10.1001/archsurg.1976.01360230064013