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October 1977

Cardiac Output and Pulmonary Wedge Pressure: Use for Evaluation of Fluid Replacement in Trauma Patients

Author Affiliations

From the Departments of Surgery (Drs Shah, Browner, and Powers), Physiology (Drs Dutton and Newell), and Medicine (Dr Dutton), Albany Medical College.

Arch Surg. 1977;112(10):1161-1164. doi:10.1001/archsurg.1977.01370100015001

• Cardiac output and pulmonary wedge pressure (PWP) were used to evaluate the end point of fluid resuscitation in 20 patients suffering from multiple trauma and shock. Eleven patients received crystalloid resuscitation and nine patients received colloid resuscitation. Fifteen of 20 patients had an adequate cardiac output at the termination of resuscitation, but only six of these patients had a PWP above 10 mm Hg. There was no significant correlation between left ventricular stroke work index and PWP in these patients, either at the completion of resuscitation or during the following three days. Five patients did not achieve adequate cardiac output and four of these patients died, suggesting that cardiac output was the most important criterion for adequate resuscitation. If the goal of fluid resuscitation is to achieve an adequate cardiac output, then PWP was not a reliable guide. Furthermore, using both cardiac output and PWP as a guide to fluid resuscitation of our patients, we found that the type of fluid (crystalloid or colloid) for resuscitation did not influence the course of respiratory distress in these patients up to three days following resuscitation.

(Arch Surg 112:1161-1164, 1977)

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