• Sigmoid volvulus occurs more frequently in the younger patient than is presently thought. It is not infrequent in females. It usually presents with "colicky" abdominal pain, long-standing constipation or obstipation, and increasing distention of several days' duration. A history of similar attacks strengthens the suspicion for this diagnosis. Abdominal x-ray films will usually reveal severe colonic dilation down to a low point in the sigmoid, without gas in the rectum. The classic "horseshoe" sign is seldom seen, but when present, strengthens the diagnosis. Surgical manipulation and pregnancy may be contributing factors. Treatment should be surgical unless contraindicated by specific circumstances.
(Arch Surg 113:316-317, 1978)
Fuller JK, Larrieu AJ. Sigmoid Volvulus in the Young: A Case Following Cesarean Section. Arch Surg. 1978;113(3):316–317. doi:10.1001/archsurg.1978.01370150088021
Coronavirus Resource Center
Customize your JAMA Network experience by selecting one or more topics from the list below.
Create a personal account or sign in to: