• Standard angiographic techniques formerly used exclusively as diagnostic modalities have been modified to serve as definitive or adjunctive therapeutic measures. The techniques include transcatheter embolization; infusion of vasoactive drugs, chemotherapeutic agents and radioactive particles; tamponade of bleeding arteries and balloon catheters; extraction of vascular foreign bodies and retained biliary tract stones and transluminal arterial dilation. These techniques have been proved effective and safe when used judiciously.
(Arch Surg 113:432-439, 1978)
Walter JF, Bookstein JJ, Kramer RA, Cannon WB, Trollope ML, Jamplis RW. Therapeutic Angiography: Its Value to the Surgical Patient. Arch Surg. 1978;113(4):432–439. doi:10.1001/archsurg.1978.01370160090015
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