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December 1978

Tolerance of the Human Liver to Prolonged Normothermic Ischemia: A Biological Study of 20 Patients Submitted to Extensive Hepatectomy

Arch Surg. 1978;113(12):1448-1451. doi:10.1001/archsurg.1978.01370240070012

• To evaluate the biological tolerance of the human liver to prolonged warm ischemia, two groups of extensive hepatic resection for tumor were compared. Group 1 (11 patients) performed with short hepatic inflow occlusion (7 [mean] ± 2 [SEM] minutes), and group 2 (nine patients) operated with use of complete hepatic vascular exclusion and prolonged warm liver ischemia (38 [mean] ± 5 [SEM] minutes).

Comparison of biological values, such as transaminase, bilirubin, total protein, albumin, and fibrinogen levels, the platelet count, prothrombin complex, and proaccelerin level, did not show statistically significant differences between the two groups. Therefore, the hepatic warm ischemia period may be, if needed, safely extended beyond the classical 15 minutes. It lasted 65 minutes in one case without adverse effect. These clinical observations parallel recent experimental work and should destroy the myth of the high sensitivity of the liver to warm ischemia.

(Arch Surg 113:1448-1451, 1978)