• Knowledge of the factors that affect morbidity and mortality in the treatment of congenital malformations of the esophagus should result in better planning of their surgical management with increased likelihood of success. In 39 infants studied, associated anomalies, low birth weight, and postoperative respiratory complications were the factors responsible for morbidity and mortality. Infants with associated anomalies had a longer hospitalization than those with none, a mean of 17 vs 12 days.
(Arch Surg 114:288-292, 1979)
Putnam TC. Esophageal Atresia: Critical Analysis of 39 Cases. Arch Surg. 1979;114(3):288–292. doi:10.1001/archsurg.1979.01370270058009
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