• A retrospective analysis of 150 consecutive patients with esophageal atresia and/or tracheoesophageal fistula was undertaken. The incidence and variety of gastrointestinal (GI) anomalies, the method of management, and the cause of death were critically reviewed to outline preferred methods of management. Of these patients, 87 were male and 63 female. There were 62 GI anomalies in 40 patients. The most common GI anomalies included anorectal anomalies in 17 patients, malrotation of the midgut in 13 patients, duodenal atresia or stenosis in ten patients, and annular pancreas and ectopic pancreatic tissue in three patients each. Six patients had the combination of tracheoesophageal fistula, duodenal obstruction, and anorectal anomaly. Of the 150 patients, 23 have died, with 15 deaths occurring in those with associated GI anomalies. The GI anomalies contributed directly to the deaths of five of these 15 patients. Delay in diagnosis and, on occasion, improper initial management resulted in increased morbidity and mortality.
(Arch Surg 114:1125-1128, 1979)
Andrassy RJ, Mahour GH. Gastrointestinal Anomalies Associated With Esophageal Atresia or Tracheoesophageal Fistula. Arch Surg. 1979;114(10):1125–1128. doi:10.1001/archsurg.1979.01370340031004